Creating a model of safe employee behavior is the main idea of the SAFECON project

Colleagues, thank you for your interest in the project and for the suggestions made on my previous materials in the blog presented on the project website and beyond. The general tone and meaning of the proposals and statements is understandable – the best way of PR is to prove the viability of the project idea by deeds.

 

Here I want to inform you that our work on creating the project is progressing exactly according to the plan, and there is no doubt that everything will be completed on time.

 

On April 30, 2020, at the training base of St. Petersburg University of Architecture and Civil Engineering, we are completing the creation of the Smart Labor training ground, which will include a training building with interactive training modules for 9 types of work and a computer class filled with the necessary content.

 

At the same time, I saw that readers need some clarification of the idea of the project in the part that deals with the issues of psychological impact on students. Despite the fact that I have covered this aspect quite widely in articles, media and at conferences of various levels, now when the project results have already appeared in the form of real models of workplaces that are quite realistic representing the behavior of the employee at his workplace, it’s time to evaluate the project idea and the results of his embodiment. And to make it easier to perceive the idea and evaluate the project, let’s talk about it looking at an example taken from the realities of today’s life.

 

We all still remember the event that was vividly covered on the Internet, television, and Newspapers, which were full of descriptions of the tragedy that occurred in St. Petersburg on January 31.

 

Here are excerpts from some media.

 

Unified construction portal ” Who builds.RU»:
“…. On January 31, the roof collapsed during demolition work at the Petersburg sports and concert complex (SKK). One person died…”.

 

Construction News Agency:
“… According to the General Directorate of the Ministry for Emergencies in St. Petersburg, 80% of the wall and roof structures collapsed. The approximate area of the collapse was 25-28 thousand square meters. Alexey Anikin, the chief of General Directorate, Ministry of Emergencies, said that the body of a 29-year-old welder was found when rubbles were being cleared. He didn’t have time to jump into the cradle when the building structures began to collapse.”

 

Fontanka RU:
“…Kucherov detached himself from his partner and was given free rein. At 14:55, when the fifteenth anchorage broke away, the Sports and Concerts Complex structure could not withstand the load and folded. Matvey Kucherov ran to the cradle, touched it with his hands in tight welding gloves, but fell down.”.

SKK “Petersburg” Dismantling works.

 

What do experts write about this, what was wrong? “The dismantling technology should not imply the presence of people on collapsed structures. It was necessary to work from the cradle, but this, apparently, is inconvenient. The welder worked without insurance. Had he been attached to the cradle, he would have been saved. The cradle was far away. If it were moved as close as possible to each connection, it would have been possible to run up to it.”

 

Further, the experts conclude: “With the technical capabilities existing today, it is simply amazing how much the lives of people are depreciated, including by themselves. People should never be in such situations.”

 

So, the reason for the tragedy became obvious – violation of labor safety rules due to the human factor.
And as usual, everyone today asks the question: Is there a chance to rid the construction site from this “human factor?”

 

And here, answering this question, I would brightly highlight our project and say: “The SAFECON project gives a solution to this problem.”

How and by means of what?
The way to solve this problem is to create a model of safe behavior of the worker.

How to do it, when and where?
Here is my answer: The best time and place is in the process of studying at a specially prepared training base.

 

The new training method offered is different from the traditional one adopted. The idea is to involve the student in an interactive environment, influence their psyche and shape their behavior in the workplace through visual examples of wrong and correct actions. Implementation of this method occurs through pictorial reproduction of an accident with a severe or fatal outcome. This method of educational influence on the employee can be considered the most effective, since its basis is based on proven areas of psychology such as Behaviorism and Cognitive psychology. Behaviorism, which was developed in the twentieth century, determines the subject of research is not a person’s consciousness, but his behavior. The basic formula of behaviorism: “stimulus-response” (“S-R”): gives the concept of behavior as an objectively observable system of the body’s reaction to the presence and internal stimuli. Thus, showing the consequences of negligent attitude to labor safety through realistic scenes, we form a safe behavioral model for the student and then get the result in the form of correct behavior in the workplace, a respectful attitude to their lives.

 

This new approach and tool for creating a safe behavioral model of an employee is embodied in Polygon (test ground) Smart Labor, which is being created within the framework of the SAFECON project and consists of interactive training modules by types of construction works.

 

Each interactive training module provided by the project includes two full-size installations of the same workplace:
1) as an illustration of an accident that resulted from violation of safety measures with possible consequences (trauma, injuries, and even death).
2) demonstrating the correct actions when organizing the workplace and safety rules when performing labor actions.

 

Learning in such an environment, the employee learns firsthand the consequences of violations of labor protection requirements, and these consequences will be recorded in his mind for a long time. This psychological state will serve as a stimulus to the development and perception of the material that interprets the correctness of performing labor actions and, as a result, will form a safe behavioral model.

 

Summing up, I would like to note that no legislation, no matter how modern it may be, will make a person’s work safe if he or she does not take responsibility for his or her life and health. A worker’s safe behavioral model is one in which an employee follows all instructions, rules, and regulations while no one is watching. Therefore, it is only by changing people’s thinking that it is possible to reduce the number of accidents caused by the “human factor”.

 

My colleagues and I, who are working on the implementation of the project, are moving at an accelerated pace to the stage of practical application of our developments. Today we can already present the training ground “Smart Labor”. By April 30, the creation work will be completed. Test sessions are held at the site. We are already accepting applications for introductory visits and training sessions with construction companies that are fighting for their credibility and the safety of their employees.
P.S. Colleagues, I will answer your question here: What is being done to create a virtual electronic interactive training environment in the project, and what will be its role in achieving the set goals?

 

I will answer briefly for now: there are already specific results in this area of activity, namely, a training program based on VR technologies has been developed: “Training construction industry workers in occupational safety measures”. This VR program allows you to choose any lesson by type of work, follow the instructions, and provide animated scenes showing violations of labor safety rules, demonstrating the correct use of protective equipment.

 

I will give you more information about this part of the project in another blog post.

 

I would also like to inform you that this VR training program will be presented for the first time to the public on February 27-28 at the St. Petersburg International Labor Forum.

 

I invite you to participate and discuss the topic!

Виталий Васильевич Цаплин,
менеджер проекта от СПбГАСУ,
заведующий кафедрой техносферной безопасности,
действительный член (академик)

Международной академии наук экологии,

безопасности человека и природы (МАНЭБ)

по секции «Безопасность жизнедеятельности».

Vitaly Tsaplin

Project manager from SPbGASU
Head of Department of Technosphere Safety
Full member (academician) of the International Academy of Ecology,

Human and Nature Safety (MANEB) in the section “Life Safety”.

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